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Tuesday, 1 January 2019

Special Post - the Iolaire disaster

Although hostilities have ceased for over a month now, the death toll marches on.  There are still nearly three years of records to post.  But today marks a particularly tragic event.

The records are incomplete and many of these records are suppositions by me - but on 1/1/1919 HMY Iolaire struck rocks just off Stornaway and over 200 died.  Within sight of their homes.  A massive part of the Lewis population - that everyone thought had survived the great war were taken from their families so close to home.  Unimaginable.

Records are not complete (or at least I cannot find a full record), and those listed here as gathered from a few rules after examining the entire FWW list of the dead:
* Iolaire is named in their unit
* and/or they were navy
* and/or they are buried/remembered alongside named Iolaire casualties
* and/or they died that day.

Even with all that I can only find 151 names, and at least 201 were killed.  If I find, or am guided to a more accurate record I will update the lists below.

More can be found on what happened today, 100 years ago at the following websites:
Wikipedia and Virtual Hebrides


United Kingdom: Inverness-shire LOSGAINTIR BURIAL GROUND, ISLE OF HARRIS (3)
____________________________________________________________________________
18771/DA Deck Hand FINLAY McLENNAN H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
3161/B Seaman MORRISON H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
4515/SD Deck Hand FINLAY MORRISON H.M. "M.L.560." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Inverness-shire SGARASTA NEW CEMETERY (1)
_________________________________________________________
DA/20994 Deck Hand KENNETH MACLEAN H.M.S. "Venerable." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Isle of Wight ST. HELENS CHURCHYARD, RYDE (1)
_____________________________________________________________
MFA/2932 Chief Petty Officer ALFRED WILLIAM HENLEY H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Navy


United Kingdom: Kent CHATHAM NAVAL MEMORIAL (2)
_______________________________________________
902TC Trimmer Cook ERNEST AINSWORTH BROWN H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
4173A Leading Seaman DONALD SMITH H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: London GREENWICH CEMETERY (1)
_____________________________________________
Deck Hand WILLIAM JOSEPH JOHN STANLEY H.M. Yacht "Iolaire" Mercantile Marine Reserve


United Kingdom: Middlesex ISLINGTON CEMETERY AND CREMATORIUM (1)
________________________________________________________________
M/15986 Leading Victualling Assistant ALBERT RICHARD MATTHEWS H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Navy


United Kingdom: Northumberland NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE (BYKER AND HEATON) CEMETERY (1)
__________________________________________________________________________________
Fireman JOSEPH GEORGE H.M. Yacht "Iolaire" Mercantile Marine Reserve


United Kingdom: Perthshire AUCHTERARDER CEMETERY (1)
____________________________________________________
1350/D Seaman RAMSAY H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Ross and Cromarty ARDROIL CEMETERY, ISLE OF LEWIS (5)
_____________________________________________________________________
4554/A Seaman ANGUS MACDONALD H.M.S. "Kent." Royal Naval Reserve
19896/DA Deck Hand EWEN MACDONALD H.M. Trawler "John Gray." Royal Naval Reserve
7699/A Seaman MALCOLM MacKAY H.M.S. "Pembroke." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Aberdeenshire ABERDEEN (ALLENVALE) CEMETERY (2)
_______________________________________________________________
2308/ES Engine Man JOHN DUNCAN BISSET H.M. Trawler "Glenboyne." Royal Naval Reserve
1476/TS Trimmer NOBLE H.M. Trawler "William Bond." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Cornwall PENZANCE CEMETERY (1)
______________________________________________
Engineer Sub-Lieutenant RANKIN H.M. Yacht Iolaire Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Devon PLYMOUTH NAVAL MEMORIAL (3)
_________________________________________________
821982 Deck Hand HENRY ORLEY MARINER H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Mercantile Marine Reserve
Carpenter FREDRICK CHARLES McCARTHY H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Mercantile Marine Reserve
Mate JOHN McIVER H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Mercantile Marine Reserve


United Kingdom: Durham SUNDERLAND (MERE KNOLLS) CEMETERY (1)
____________________________________________________________
Second Engineer JOHN HERN H.M. Yacht "Iolaire" Mercantile Marine Reserve


United Kingdom: Edinburgh EDINBURGH (SEAFIELD) CEMETERY (1)
___________________________________________________________
821857 Cook BARR H.M.S. "Cymric,' Mercantile Marine Reserve


United Kingdom: Essex SOUTHEND-ON-SEA (ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST) CHURCHYARD (1)
___________________________________________________________________________
Deck Hand MOORE H.M. Yacht "Iolaire" Mercantile Marine Reserve


United Kingdom: Hampshire PORTSMOUTH (KINGSTON) CEMETERY (1)
____________________________________________________________
Greaser THOMAS EDWARD HENRY HARRIS H.M. Yacht "Iolaire" Mercantile Marine Reserve


United Kingdom: Hampshire PORTSMOUTH NAVAL MEMORIAL (3)
_______________________________________________________
Lieutenant LEONARD EDMUND COTTER H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
PO/11997 Private HERBERT WILLIAM HEAD H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Marine Light Infantry
Commander RICHARD GORDON WILLIAM MASON (R D) H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Hampshire WARBLINGTON CEMETERY (1)
__________________________________________________
Deck Hand LEGGETT H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Mercantile Marine Reserve


United Kingdom: Inverness-shire BERNERAY BURIAL GROUND (1)
__________________________________________________________
CH/9521(A) Seaman PATERSON H.M.S. "Pembroke." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Ross and Cromarty ARDROIL CEMETERY, ISLE OF LEWIS (5)
_____________________________________________________________________
21209/DA Deck Hand MURDO MacKINNON H.M. Drifter "Eddy." Royal Naval Reserve
3499/SD Deck Hand GEORGE MORRISON H.M. Motor Launch "307." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Ross and Cromarty BARVAS (ST. MARY) OLD CHURCHYARD (6)
______________________________________________________________________
19654/DA Deck Hand MACDONALD H.M. Drifter "Boy George III." Royal Naval Reserve
3689/B Seaman ANGUS MacLEAY H.M.S. "Emperor of India." Royal Naval Reserve
3553/B Seaman MacLEOD S.S. "Saxonia." Royal Naval Reserve
3397/C Seaman MARTIN H.M.S. "Victory." Royal Naval Reserve
11907/DA Leading Deck Hand MATHESON H.M. Trawler "Iceland." Royal Naval Reserve
12126/DA Deck Hand MORRISON H.M. Trawler "St. Ayles." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Ross and Cromarty BHALTOS BURIAL GROUND (2)
___________________________________________________________
4435/SD Deck Hand MacLEOD H.M. M L. "502." Royal Naval Reserve
18694/DA Deck Hand MATHESON H.M. Drifter "Winner." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Ross and Cromarty BOSTADH CEMETERY, GREAT BERNERA (2)
_____________________________________________________________________
2658/SD Deck Hand DONALD MACAULAY H.M. Trawler "Max Pemberton." Royal Naval Reserve
1620/C Seaman KENNETH SMITH H.M.S. "Cove." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Ross and Cromarty BRAGAR OLD CHURCHYARD (15)
____________________________________________________________
3309/A Seaman GILLIES H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
20516/DA Deck Hand MACDONALD H.M.S. "Venerable." Royal Naval Reserve
1855/C Seaman MACIVER H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
16652/DA Deck Hand MACKAY H.M.S. "Shikari II." Royal Naval Reserve
2613/C Seaman MacKAY H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
4280/B Seaman JOHN MacLEAN H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
20774/DA Deck Hand MacLEOD H.M. Trawler "Sabreur." Royal Naval Reserve
3343/C Seaman MACLEOD H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
4944/SD Deck Hand MacLEOD H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
4125/SD Deck Hand DONALD MacLEOD H.M. Drifter "Beatrice." Royal Naval Reserve
3320/A Seaman MacPHAIL H.M.S. "Pembroke." Royal Naval Reserve
2811/B Petty Officer MURRAY H.M.S. "Imperieuse." Royal Naval Reserve
J/86329 Ordinary Seaman RODERICK MURRAY H.M.S. "Roxburgh." Royal Navy
8955/DA Deck Hand NICHOLSON H.M. Trawler "Calera." Royal Naval Reserve
3516/B Seaman SMITH H.M.S. "Duchess of Devonshire." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Ross and Cromarty CROSBOST CEMETERY (16)
________________________________________________________
1567/C Seaman MACAULAY H.M.S. "Imperieuse." Royal Naval Reserve
2597/SD Deck Hand MACDONALD H.M. Drifter "Primrose." Royal Naval Reserve
3516/SD Leading Deck Hand MacDONALD H.M.S. "Dreel Castle." Royal Naval Reserve
1830/D Seaman ANGUS MacDONALD H.M.S. "Imperieuse." Royal Naval Reserve
2966/A Seaman RODERICK JOHN MACDONALD H.M.S. "Wallington." Royal Naval Reserve
2820/B Seaman DONALD MACLEAN H.M.S. "Colleen." Royal Naval Reserve
974252 Deck Hand MURDO MACLEAN H.M.S. "Snipe." Mercantile Marine Reserve
974908 Able Seaman MACLEOD H.M.S. "Rose" Mercantile Marine Reserve
973832 Able Seaman MACLEOD H.M. Trawler "Agnes Nutten" Mercantile Marine Reserve
Mate JOHN MacLEOD H.M. Drifter "Cornrig." Mercantile Marine Reserve
12080/DA Deck Hand McKENZIE H.M. Drifter "Mary." Royal Naval Reserve
1663/C Seaman McKENZIE H.M Tender "Roman Empire." Royal Naval Reserve
32741A Serjeant McKENZIE H.M.S. "Emperor of India." Royal Naval Reserve
19972/DA Deck Hand McLEOD H.M. Trawler "Resmilo." Royal Naval Reserve
973997 Deck Hand ANGUS McLEOD H.M.S. "Snipe." Mercantile Marine Reserve
2972/A Seaman DONALD SMITH H.M.S. "Emperor of India." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Ross and Cromarty DAIL MOR CEMETERY, ISLE OF LEWIS (7)
______________________________________________________________________
14567 Deck Hand JOHN MACASKILL H.M. Trawler "Sir John Fitzgerald." Royal Naval Reserve
12453/DA Leading Deck Hand DONALD MacDONALD H.M.S. "Pembroke." Royal Naval Reserve
2778/A Seaman MALCOLM MACIVER H.M.S. "Victory." Royal Naval Reserve
2793/C Seaman MACKENZIE H.M.S. "President." Royal Naval Reserve
19890/DA Deck Hand MACLEOD H.M.S. "Implacable." Royal Naval Reserve
2222/D Seaman MACPHAIL H.M.S. "Pembroke." Royal Naval Reserve
14663/DA Deck Hand NORMAN MacPHAIL H.M.S. "Venerable." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Ross and Cromarty EYE CEMETERY (OR AIGNISH BURIAL GROUND), ISLE OF LEWIS (22)
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
4004/SD Deck Hand MURDO MacAULAY H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
2373/C Seaman DONALD MACDONALD H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
10235/DA Deck Hand MACIVER H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
1691/C Leading Seaman ALEXANDER MACIVER H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
2258/D Second Hand ANGUS MACKAY (D S M) H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
12090/DA Deck Hand DONALD MACKAY H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
4511/B Seaman MURDO MACKAY H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
3360/C Seaman MacKENZIE H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
3892/B Seaman MACKENZIE H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
3046/A Seaman KENNETH MACKENZIE H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
968097 Deck Hand MACLEOD H.M.S. "Victor." Mercantile Marine Reserve
20422/DA Deck Hand MacLEOD H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
2808/C Seaman ANGUS MacLEOD H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
4219/B Seaman MURDO MACLEOD H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
4803/A Leading Seaman NORMAN MACLEOD H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
2559/A Seaman DONALD MACRAE H.M.S. "Victory." Royal Naval Reserve
4363/SD Deck Hand DONALD M. McAULAY H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
14360/DA Deck Hand McDONALD H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
3074/A Seaman JOHN McDONALD H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
2558/A Seaman JOHN McDONALD H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
4548/SD Seaman ANGUS McLEOD H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
1848/D Seaman McMILLAN H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Ross and Cromarty EYE OLD CHURCHYARD, STORNOWAY (1)
___________________________________________________________________
20072/DA Deck Hand NORMAN MACKENZIE H.M.S. "Victory." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Ross and Cromarty GRABHAIR CEMETERY (2)
_______________________________________________________
258/SD Deck Hand FERGUSON H.M. Trawler "Morgan Jones." Royal Naval Reserve
19531/DA Deck Hand MACINNES H.M. Trawler "Daniel Henry." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Ross and Cromarty GRIAIS OLD CHURCHYARD, STORNOWAY (6)
______________________________________________________________________
968068 Able Seaman ALEXANDER BEATON H.M. Drifter "Rose III." Mercantile Marine Reserve
2058/C Leading Seaman DONALD CAMPBELL H.M.S. "Pembroke." Royal Naval Reserve
3397/A Seaman MacASKILL H.M.S. "Redoubtable." Royal Naval Reserve
17809/DA Deck Hand MACDONALD H.M. Drifter "Santora." Royal Naval Reserve
30260(CH) Leading Seaman MORRISON S.S. "Norwood." Royal Naval Reserve
11935/DA Deck Hand MURRAY H.M.S. "Pactolus." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Ross and Cromarty LACASAIDH CEMETERY, ISLE OF LEWIS (3)
_______________________________________________________________________
3607/SD Deck Hand JOHN MacLEOD H.M.M.L. "411." Royal Naval Reserve
12067/DA Deck Hand MALCOLM MARTIN H.M.S. "Pembroke." Royal Naval Reserve
1445/SD Deck Hand MONTGOMERY H.M. Trawler "Unity." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Ross and Cromarty NESS (ST. PETER) OLD CHURCHYARD, BARVAS (14)
______________________________________________________________________________
20536/DA Deck Hand CAMPBELL H.M. Trawler "Matthew-Flynn." Royal Naval Reserve
4502/A Seaman GILLIES H.M.S. "Seahorse." Royal Naval Reserve
11997/DA Deck Hand MACDONALD H.M. Drifter "Aspire." Royal Naval Reserve
Z/8218 Signaller WILLIAM MACKAY H.M.S. "Vivid." Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve
15739/DA Deck Hand MACLEOD H.M.S. "Attentive III." Royal Naval Reserve
4490/A Seaman McDONALD H.M.S. "Seahorse." Royal Naval Reserve
16522/DA Deck Hand ANGUS McRITCHIE H.M. Trawler "Hero." Royal Naval Reserve
21746/DA Deck Hand MORRISON H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
12088/DA Seaman MORRISON H.M. Trawler "Urka." Royal Naval Reserve
1750/CH Seaman MORRISON H.M.S. "Ganges." Royal Naval Reserve
11859/DA Deck Hand MORRISON H.M. Trawler "Sir Mark Sykes." Royal Naval Reserve
19804/DA Deck Hand DONALD MURRAY H.M. Trawler "Joseph Burgen." Royal Naval Reserve
2061/C Seaman JOHN MURRAY H.M.S. "Pembroke." Royal Naval Reserve
4557/A Seaman MALCOLM THOMSON H.M.S. "Redoubtable." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Ross and Cromarty NORTH TOLSTA CEMETERY, STORNOWAY (9)
______________________________________________________________________
4804/A Seaman CAMPBELL H.M.S. "Galatea." Royal Naval Reserve
18720/DA Deck Hand DONALD MACIVER H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
5478/A Leading Seaman MacLEOD H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
3968/SD Deck Hand MACLEOD H.M.S. Victory Royal Naval Reserve
3339/B Seaman McDONALD H.M.S. "Emperor of India." Royal Naval Reserve
2496/A Seaman McIVER H.M. Trawler "Letterflourie." Royal Naval Reserve
3329/A Seaman McLEOD H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
4645/A Seaman MORRISON H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
1829/D Seaman MURRAY H.M.S. "Thames." Royal Naval Reserve


United Kingdom: Ross and Cromarty SANDWICK CEMETERY, ROSS AND CROMARTY (10)
___________________________________________________________________________
Leading Deck Hand DEWSBURY H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Mercantile Marine Reserve
9635/DA Leading Deck Hand MACASKILL H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
Clyde Z/8453 Signaller MACASKILL H.M.S. "Vivid." Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve
21078/DA Deck Hand MACDONALD H.M. Drifter "Genia." Royal Naval Reserve
2736/B Seaman MACLEOD H.M.S. "Excellent. " Royal Naval Reserve
Z/9964 Ordinary Seaman MacLEOD R.N. Depot (Crystal Palace). Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve
M/23885(CH) Cooper 4th Class MACRITCHIE H.M.S. "Pembroke." Royal Navy
1265/SB Signal Boy McDONALD H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Royal Naval Reserve
12081/DA Deck Hand McLEOD H.M.S. "Wallington. " Royal Naval Reserve
Assistant Steward TAYLOR H.M. Yacht "Iolaire." Mercantile Marine Reserve

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